Monday, October 7, 2019

Yom Kippur | The Day Of Atonement | Your Questions Answered


Listed below you will find frequently asked questions on Yom Kippur – The Jewish Day Of Atonement and quick answers to these queries.


What is Yom Kippur and how is it observed?
“Yom Kippur—”The Day of Atonement—is considered the most important holiday in the Jewish faith. Falling in the month of Tishrei (September or October in the Gregorian calendar), it marks the culmination of the 10 Days of Awe, a period of introspection and repentance that follows Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year.” – History.com


Why is Yom Kippur the holiest day?
“Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the Jewish year. It’s the day of atonement after the Jewish new year, Rosh Hashanah. On this day, Jews ask God for forgiveness for their sins to secure their fate.” – USAToday

What do you say during Yom Kippur?
“The greeting for Yom Kippur is “G’mar Hatima Tova” (May you be sealed in the Book of Life), or the shorter version “G’mar Tov.” It is also customary to say “Have an easy fast” before the holiday begins.” – Tori Avey



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What time does the fast start for Yom Kippur?

“Many Jewish people spend time in the synagogue at this time of the year. The fasting lasts for 25 hours and begins on the evening before Yom Kippur. It ends after nightfall on Yom Kippur.” – Time And Date

What do they do on Yom Kippur?
“Many Jewish people around the world observe Yom Kippur each year. Many Jewish people prepare and eat a festive meal on the day before the holiday starts. They also give to charity and visit people to seek or give forgiveness. Many also gather in a synagogue before sunset for a prayer service.” – Time And Date

Is Yom Kippur in the Bible?
“Leviticus 16:29 mandates establishment of this holy day on the 10th day of the 7th month as the day of atonement for sins. It calls it the Sabbath of Sabbaths and a day upon which one must afflict one’s soul. Leviticus 23:27 decrees that Yom Kippur is a strict day of rest.” – Wikipedia

And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you:
30 For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the Lord.
31 It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.
32 And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall consecrate to minister in the priest’s office in his father’s stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen clothes, even the holy garments:
33 And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.
34 And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the Lord commanded Moses. – Leviticus 16:29-34 – Bible.com

Why do we fast on Yom Kippur?
“In English, Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement.” Simply put, fasting is a vehicle for reflecting and repenting for your sins. Yom Kippur comes ten days after Rosh Hashanah, or the start of the Jewish new year, where you ask God for forgiveness so their name can be enshrined in the book of life.” – Time 

Can you work on Yom Kippur?
“Jewish law requires a halt to work on Yom Kippur and Rosh Hashana, which are not legal days off.” New York Times

Can you drink water on Yom Kippur?
“Many fasting guides recommend drinking extra water in the days leading up toYom Kippur, to hydrate one’s body in preparation for the water-free fast. … If the feeling persists, or if you have other worrying symptoms, please drink some water immediately” – Mic.com

Birkat Hamazon In English | Grace After Meals | Benching

Birkat Hamazon In English | Grace After Meals | Benching


Birkat Hamazon In English | Grace After Meals | Benching


Birkat Hamazon, Blessing On The Food

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, Who, in His goodness, provides sustenance for the entire world with grace, with kindness, and with mercy. He gives food to all flesh, for His kindness is everlasting. Through His great goodness to us continuously we do not lack food, and may we never lack food, for the sake of His great Name. For He, benevolent God, provides nourishment and sustenance for all, does good to all, and prepares food for all His creatures whom He has created, as it is said: You open Your hand and satisfy the desire of every living thing. Blessed are You, Lord, Who provides food for all.



Birkat Hamazon, Blessing On The Land



We offer thanks to You, Lord our God, for having given as a heritage to our ancestors a precious, good and spacious land; for having brought us out, Lord our God, from the land of Egypt, and redeemed us from the house of bondage; for Your covenant which You have sealed in our flesh; for Your Torah which You have taught us; for Your statutes which You have made known to us; for the life, favor, and kindness which You have graciously bestowed upon us; and for the food we eat with which You constantly nourish and sustain us every day, at all times, and at every hour.

For all this, Lord our God, we give thanks to You and bless You. May Your Name be blessed by the mouth of every living being, constantly and forever, as it is written: When you have eaten and are satiated, you shall bless the Lord your God for the good land which He has given you. Blessed are You, Lord, for the land and for the sustenance.


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Birkat Hamazon, Blessing On Jerusalem



Have mercy, Lord our God, upon Israel Your people, upon Jerusalem Your city, upon Zion the abode of Your glory, upon the kingship of the house of David Your anointed, and upon the great and holy House over which Your Name was proclaimed.

Our God, our Father, tend us, nourish us, sustain us, feed us, and provide us with plenty; and speedily, Lord our God, grant us relief from all our afflictions. Lord our God, please do not make us dependent upon the gifts of mortal men nor upon their loans, but only upon Your full, open, holy, and generous hand, that we may never be shamed or disgraced.  

On Shabbat and festivals: 

May it please You, Lord our God, to strengthen us through Your Mitzvot, and through the mitzvah of the Seventh Day, this great and holy Shabbat. For this day is great and holy before You, to refrain from work and to rest thereon with love, in accordance with the commandment of Your will. In Your good will, Lord our God, bestow upon us tranquility, that there shall be no distress, sadness, or sorrow on the day of our rest. Lord our God, let us see the consolation of Zion Your city, and the rebuilding of Jerusalem Your holy city, for You are the Master of deliverance and the Master of consolation.

And rebuild Jerusalem the holy city speedily in our days. Blessed are You, Lord, Who in His mercy rebuilds Jerusalem. Amen.


Birkat Hamazon, Hatov Vehametiv


Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, benevolent God, our Father, our King, our Strength, our Creator, our Redeemer, our Maker, our Holy One, the Holy One of Jacob, our Shepherd, the Shepherd of Israel, the King who is good and does good to all, each and every day. He has done good for us, He does good for us, and He will do good for us; He has bestowed, He bestows, and He will forever bestow upon us grace, kindness, and mercy; relief, salvation and success; blessing and deliverance; consolation, livelihood and sustenance; compassion, life, peace, and all goodness; and may He never cause us to lack any good. May the Merciful One reign over us forever and ever. May the Merciful One be blessed in heaven and on earth. May the Merciful One be praised for all generations, and pride Himself in us forever and to all eternity, and glorify Himself in us forever and ever. May the Merciful One provide our livelihood with honor.

May the Merciful One break the yoke of exile from our neck, and may He lead us upright to our land. May the Merciful One send abundant blessing into this house and upon this table at which we have eaten. May the Merciful One send us Elijah the prophet—may he be remembered for good—and let him bring us good tidings, deliverance, and consolation. May the Merciful One bless my father, my teacher, the master of this house, and my mother, my teacher, the mistress of this house; them, their household, their children, and all that is theirs; us, and all that is ours. Just as He blessed our forefathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, “in all things,” “by all things,” with “all things,” so may He bless all of us together (the children of the Covenant) with a perfect blessing, and let us say, Amen.

From heaven, may there be invoked upon him and upon us such merit as will bring enduring peace. May we receive blessing from the Lord and kindness from God our deliverer, and may we find grace and good understanding in the eyes of God and man.

May the Merciful One grant us the privilege of reaching the days of the Mashiach and the life of the World to Come.

On weekdays: He gives great deliverance,  

On Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh, festivals and Chol Hamoed: He is a tower of deliverance, 

To His king, and bestows kindness upon His anointed, to David and his descendants forever. He Who makes peace in His heavens, may He make peace for us and for all Israel; and say, Amen.


Fear the L-rd, you His holy ones, for those who fear Him suffer no want. Young lions are in need and go hungry, but those who seek the L-rd shall not lack any good. Give thanks to the L-rd for He is good, for His kindness is everlasting. You open Your hand and satisfy the desire of every living thing. Blessed is the man who trusts in the L-rd, and the L-rd will be his security.


More Resources: 
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