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How Do You Make Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs

How Do You Make Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs 

How Do You Make Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs

This is another name for a style that has been in vogue for an indefinite, period of time, and comes under the head of transferring.

It is almost superfluous to mention the variety of purposes to which decalcomania may be applied, as it can be transferred upon everything for which ornamentation is required, and the variety of designs which are printed especially for it is so great that something may easily be procured to suit the taste of the most fastidious.

A few of the articles that may be decorated can be mentioned by way of showing what a variety this style of ornamentation will embrace: All kinds of crockery, china, porcelain, vases, glass, bookcases, folios, boxes, lap desks, ribbons, dresses, etc.

The method of transferring beautiful designs is so simple, and all the materials requisite for the art so easily procured, that it brings it within the means of everyone.

Flat surfaces are more suitable than concave or convex ones for this style of decorating, for when the surface is curved the design has to be cut to accommodate the shape, and in this way is often spoiled unless done by the most careful and skillful hand.

The materials required are cement, copal varnish, designs, a duck-quill sable, and a flat camel’s-hair brush.

Cut your designs neatly with a small pair of scissors, apply the cement by means of the sable to the article to be decorated, place on your design and press equally over its entire surface to exclude the air; dampen it a little and keep pressing equally so that the design may adhere firmly in every part.

When the cement is sufficiently dry dampen again with water (a little more freely) and remove the paper. Be careful in manipulating this process, or you will remove some of the colored part with it. If such should occur, instantly replace it as well as you are able, or, if you have a knowledge of Oriental painting, your panacea will be in that.

You can retouch with these colors and bring it back nearly to its original beauty. In case you have no knowledge of Oriental painting, match the colors as nearly as possible with water-color paints, allow time to dry, and varnish with copal.

Sometimes the cement becomes too thick for use. It may be restored to its proper flowing consistency by placing the bottle in a bed of warm sand, and can then be applied while warm. If you apply your design to a dark groundwork, it would be desirable to give your picture a coating of Winsor and Newton’s Chinese white.

The reason for this is that some parts of the picture are semi-transparent, and these would lose their brilliancy if transferred directly upon a dark background without first painting.

Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information

The Art Of Bronzing And Casting | What Is The Process Of Bronze Casting | Sculpting Statuettes

The Art Of Bronzing And Casting | What Is The Process Of Bronze Casting | Sculpting Statuettes

The Art Of Bronzing And Casting | What Is The Process Of Bronze Casting | Sculpting Statuettes

Statuettes, or any object in plaster of Paris, may be made to resemble bronze by first rendering the plaster nonabsorbent with drying linseed oil and then painting it with a varnish made by grinding waste gold leaf with honey or gum water.

Another method is by first painting the article, after it has been rendered nonabsorbent, of a dark color made of Prussian blue, yellow ochre, and verditer, ground in oil.

Before this becomes quite dry, bronze powder of several colors should be dusted on those most prominent parts which may be supposed to have worn bright.

Plaster casts may also be made to resemble bronze to a certain extent by merely brushing them over with graphite, which is a brilliant blacklead.

Method Of Making Embossed Muslin Leaves.

Take a piece of green muslin or calico and size it well with isinglass, then take the natural leaf, lay the sized piece of muslin over it on the under or veined side of the leaf, let the muslin remain on it till almost dry and the impression is set; then with a pair of sharp scissors cut the muslin around the leaf, either plain or serrated.

The impression may be taken of any leaf or flower in this way. The use of muslin leaves tends to make the work more durable and is found very convenient for the artist.

Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information.

What Ingredients You Should Look For While Buying Skin Care Products

List Of Active Ingredients In Skin Care Products That You Should Consider While Shopping

What Ingredients You Should Look For While Buying Skin Care Products

Skin ages for both chronological and environmental reasons. Increased age and exposure to pollution and other environmental factors cause lines and wrinkles to become more visible. The main factors that cause deeper skin lines and wrinkles include:

- The skin thinning and becoming less firm.
- Reduction in production of collagen and elastin.
- Reduction in cell renewal.


One way to reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles is to use skin care products that comtain powerful antioxidants such as vitamin c. 

Anti-oxidants like vitamin c help to neutralize free radicals, enhance the skin's ability to produce collagen, reduce skin discoloration, and improve general skin texture.

Hydroxy Acids:

Hydroxy acid is another key ingredient found in skin care products. Many skin care products that contain high levels of hydroxy acid are often required to prepare skin toners.

Hydroxy acids activate the skin to produce more collagen and elastin which substances in turn help to reduce fine skin lines and wrinkles. After taking care of your skin with products that contain vitamin c and hydroxy acids; moisturizers and sunblock are another set of skin care products that are important to consider.

Sun block:

Sun block should be worn every day, since it helps to block UVA and UVB rays from the sun which are the main cause of skin appearing older than its real age. Antioxidant containing skin care products that help to reduce damage from the sun are important, but nothing can replace an effective sun block.

In summary, skin care products that are rich in antioxidants and hydroxy acids can greatly help to reduce signs of skin aging such as lines and wrinkles. A powerful sun block is an absolute necessity to protect your skin from UVA and UVB rays that are the primary cause of skin looking older than it should.

What Are The Most Common Types Of Cosmetic Surgery?

What Are The Most Common Types Of Cosmetic Surgery? 

What Are The Most Common Types Of Cosmetic Surgery?

To really understand cosmetic surgery, one needs to obtain an understanding of a variety of cosmetic surgery procedures available. Cosmetic surgery is one of the most talked about topics in the media today.

People from all walks of life - from celebrities to soccer moms - are going under the knife to have their faces and bodies modified. If you are considering having cosmetic surgical procedures done, you may be wondering what cosmetic surgery procedures are readily available to make yourself look and feel better. Well, technology to modify the human body has been steadily growing over the past 50 years, and now there are more cosmetic surgery procedures available than ever before.

One of the most popular cosmetic surgical procedures performed on a regular basis is liposuction.


Liposuction is the process of removing excess fat deposits under the skin by using a vacuum. A small incision is made in the skin area you want to remove fat from, and then a thin tube called a cannula is inserted.

In order to assist the suction, the liquid can be pumped under the skin that covers the drug. Another option is to use an ultrasound probe to break up fatty deposits before the liquid fat is suctioned through the cannula.

Since there is only a small cut made in the skin, recovery is relatively easy, and the procedure usually leaves only small scars or no scars at all.

Another common cosmetic surgery procedure that is routinely done is a nose operation.


Rhinoplasty is derived from the Greek word for "nose" and "to shape" and it is the medical term for a nose job.

In rhinoplasty, surgeons reshape the nose by removing and changing the cartilage in the nose, as well as changing the shape of the skin around the nostrils and spruce tip of the nose. Surgeons can perform this type of cosmetic surgery procedure with only a small incision at the base of the nose, or they can do a "closed" procedure in which no incision is required.

Nose surgery has become commonplace among many different age and social groups, and many people choose to have surgery to repair the bumps and crooked appearance of the nose either present at birth or caused by accident.

The third procedure is one that most people think of when cosmetic surgery is first mentioned and that is breast surgery.

Breast Surgery:

Breast surgery is very popular and one of the most performed procedures. The use of silicone implants, however, has been banned in some places.

Enhancements are now done with saline solution implants or their derivatives. With improvements in technology, however, silicone implants are about to become available again in the areas they were  previously  banned. There are many cosmetic surgical procedures available for those who wish to modify different parts of their bodies and faces, such as face lifts, tummy tucks, and even buttocks implants.

Cosmetic surgeons currently specialize in helping to create a new look for patients who have small imperfections or large imperfections requiring correction. Whatever the look though, one thing is sure. The industry is constantly growing and evolving.

Natural Skin Care Vs Synthetic Skin Care | Benefits And Advantages

Natural Skin Care Vs Synthetic Skin Care | Benefits And Advantages

Natural Skin Care Vs Synthetic Skin Care | Benefits And Advantages

Natural skin care products are the safest and most effective way to maintain the health of your skin.

For ages, nature has provided the medical industry with ingredients that have strong antibiotic, antiseptic, or anti-inflammatory properties that are then processed into medicines, soaps, perfumes, serums, ointments or lotions.

Natural dermatological products are mostly found in the form of an ointment or cream, which is quickly absorbed by the surface layers of the skin. They are effective against most skin conditions and successfully treat local irritation or rash.

The main advantage of using natural skin care products is their hypo-allergenic character; they have been  proven to be very well tolerated by the skin.

This is due to the fact that natural products do not contain additives or preservatives and are therefore very safe and reliable.

In addition, natural skin care products are formulated with the goal of matching a specific skin care need and therefore often cost less than their synthetic alternatives.

It is a well known fact that chemically enhanced products may harm your body by releasing malignant and harmful substances into the bloodstream.

To minimize this risk, you should consider using natural skin care products instead. They stand as a  highly effective and healthy alternative to synthetic products.

However, the main disadvantage of natural skin care products is that they tend to lose their helpful  properties more quickly when compared to their artificial alternatives and they thus have a shorter life time.

Unlike products that are chemically processed and contain synthetic preservatives, natural products alter their nature more quickly, and you should therefore always make sure you check the expiration date before buying such natural skin care products on the shelves of pharmacies or supermarkets.

Sometimes, regardless of its nature, skin care products only treat the effects of disease, and not the factors that cause it.

Take acne, for example. Acne may be caused by hormonal imbalances in the body. The unaesthetic effects to the skin being caused by excessive oil produced by the seborrheic glands.

Therefore in order to successfully treat acne, one needs to put into consideration the internal factors that cause it as well the external factors.

So, one can use well-tolerated natural skin care products in the form of a cream or lotion applied to the affected skin then complete the treatment by managing the internal causative factors using other methods.

If you have a skin infection caused by pathogens like bacteria or viruses, you must pay a visit to your dermatologist first and ask for advice regarding the appropriate treatment.

Natural skin care products can be used in addition to the prescribed treatment, enhancing their benefits and therapeutic results.

It is also very important to check if the skin care products that you choose to use are ideal for your skin type before you use them.

Despite their successful use in helping to treat various skin conditions, natural skin care products are not exclusively intended to treat skin conditions only.

They are also very efficient for cosmetic purposes. As a matter of fact, the cosmetic industry offers a wide variety of natural products that improve the aesthetics of the skin.

Anti aging skin care products are the most popular at the moment. Whether they are intended to prevent or reverse the natural aging process of the skin, these products are highly requested and a "must have" particularly among women in their mid-thirties.

Regardless of their intended use, natural skin care products are the best alternative to synthetic products, and when used correctly, their beneficial actions will often be quickly visible.

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