Simple And Useful Techniques, Advice For Cooking And Preparing Great Food | Time Honored Tips


Simple And Useful Techniques, Advice For Cooking And Preparing Great Food | Time Honored Tips


Simple And Useful Techniques, Advice For Cooking And Preparing Great Food | Time Honored Tips

The cook must remember it is not enough to have ascertained the ingredients and quantities requisite, but great care and attention must be paid to the manner of mixing them, and in watching their progress when mixed and submitted to the fire.

The management of the oven and the fire deserve attention, and cannot be regulated properly without practice and observation.

The art of seasoning is difficult and important.

Great judgment is required in blending the different spices or other condiments, so that a fine flavor is produced without the undue preponderance of either.

It is only in coarse cooking that the flavor of onions, pepper, garlic, nutmeg, and eschalot is permitted to prevail. As a general rule, salt should be used in moderation.


 
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Sugar is an improvement in nearly all soups, sauces, and gravies; also with stewed vegetables, but of course must be used with discretion.

Ketchups, Soy, Harvey’s sauce, etc are used too indiscriminately by inferior cooks; it is better to leave them to be added at table by those who approve of their flavor.

Any thing that is required to be warmed up a second time, should be set in a basin placed in a bain-marie, or saucepan, filled with boiling water, but which must not be allowed to boil; or the article will become hardened and the sauce dried up.

To remove every particle of fat from the gravies of stews, etc a piece of white blotting-paper should be laid on the surface, and the fat will adhere to it; this should be repeated two or three times.

It is important to keep saucepans well skimmed; the best prepared dish will be spoiled by neglect on this point.

The difference between good and bad cookery is particularly discernible in the preparation of force meats.

A common cook is satisfied if she chops or minces the ingredients and moistens them with an egg scarcely beaten, but this is a very crude and imperfect method; they should be pounded together in a mortar until not a lump or fibre is perceptible. Further directions will be given in the proper place, but this is a rule which must be strictly attended to by those who wish to attain any excellence in this branch of their art.

Eggs for force meats, and for every description of sweet dishes, should be thoroughly beaten, and for the finer kinds should be passed through a sieve.

A trustworthy zealous servant must keep in mind, that waste and extravagance are no proofs of skill. On the contrary, GOOD COOKERY is by no means expensive, as it makes the most of every thing, and furnishes out of simple and economical materials, dishes which are at once palatable and elegant.


Excerpt From –  The Jewish Manual Practical Information In Jewish And Modern Cookery With A Collection Of Valuable Recipes And Hints Relating To The Toilette By Judith Cohen Montefiore 

Are Mushrooms Clean Or Unclean Food | Kosher Diets

Are Mushrooms Clean Or Unclean Food | Kosher Diets


Mushrooms are unclean foods and they are not suitable to be consumed as Kosher food.


"G-d also said, “Look, I have given you every seed-bearing plant on the surface of the entire earth and every tree whose fruit contains seed. This food will be for you, 30 for all the wildlife of the earth, for every bird of the sky, and for every creature that crawls on the earth — everything having the breath of life in it. I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so. 31 God saw all that He had made, and it was very good." Genesis 1:29-31



What makes Mushrooms unclean?


Mushrooms Are Seedless Organisms 

Mushrooms, unlike plants that produce visible seeds, reproduce through budding and scattering microscopic spores. It can be argued that spores are the mushroom’s seeds, just as man’s sperm is his seed, but microscopic spores are not plant-like visible seeds. Scripturetruthministries.


Mushrooms Are Parasites And Scavengers 


Mushrooms are parasitic saprophyte scavengers. Mushrooms obtain their nutrition from metabolizing energy from dead or living plants and trees. As parasites, mushrooms feed off living plants and trees. Scripturetruthministries


Chlorophyll Free Organisms 


Mushrooms are growing fungi organisms with no chlorophyll, flowers, or leaves. Fungi get their nourishment from dead or living organic matter. Mushrooms are not chlorophyll-pigmented green vegetation herbs. Green herbs receive their life-sustaining energy by photosynthesizing energy from carbon dioxide, sunlight, and water. Scripturetruthministries


Mushrooms Are Fungi 

Blight and mildew, like mushrooms, are fungi. When the nation of Israel rebelled against God, He cursed their crops with blight and mildew fungi. Blight and mildew are fungi plant diseases. Fungi are referred to as a curse in Scripture, not a blessing. Scripturetruthministries


Many Inedible Varieties 


There are many inedible and poisonous species of mushrooms. People often get sick by having a negative digestive reaction after eating ‘edible’ mushrooms. Some people are highly allergic to all types of ‘edible’ mushrooms as well as all other types of fungi. Scripturetruthministries


Poisonous and Toxic Properties 


Mushroom poisoning (also known as mycetism or mycetismus) refers to the harmful effects from the ingesting of toxic substances present in mushrooms. Symptoms can vary from slight stomach discomfort to death. Scripturetruthministries


Mushrooms are not vegetables



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Are Mushrooms Clean Or Unclean Food | Kosher Diets

Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs To Wood


Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs To Wood 


Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs To Wood



Dissolve some salt in soft water, float your engraving on the surface—picture side uppermost—and let it remain about an hour.


The screen, box or table on which you wish to transfer the design should be of bird’s-eye maple or other light-colored hardwood, varnished with the best copal or transfer varnish.

Take the picture from the water, dry a little between blotters, place the engraving—picture side downwards—on the varnished wood and smooth it nicely.


If the picture entirely covers the wood after the margin has been cut off so that no varnish is exposed, lay over it a thin board, on which place a heavy weight, and leave it for twenty-four hours.


If you wish but a small picture in the center of the surface of the wood, apply the varnish only to a space the size of the picture.


Dip your finger in the solution of salt and water and commence rubbing off the paper; the nearer you come to the engraving the more careful you must be, as a hole in it will spoil your work.


Rub slowly and patiently until you have taken off every bit of the paper and left only the black lines and touches of your picture on the wood, in an inverted direction. Finish up with two or three coats of copal varnish.


Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information

Making Essence Of Roses Scent At Home | Time Honored Tips


Making Essence Of Roses Scent At Home | Time Honored Tips



Making Essence Of Roses Scent At Home | Time Honored Tips



Put into a bottle the petals of the common rose, and pour upon them spirits of wine, cork the bottle closely, and let it stand for three months, it will then be little inferior to otto of roses.


Excerpt From –  The Jewish Manual Practical Information In Jewish And Modern Cookery With A Collection Of Valuable Recipes And Hints Relating To The Toilette By Judith Cohen Montefiore



Home Made Recipe To Sweeten The Breath, Rinse The Mouth And Keep The Teeth Healthy | Time Honored Tips



Waxing And Tinting | The Art Of Making Exotic Leaves


Waxing And Tinting | The Art Of Making Exotic Leaves


Waxing And Tinting | The Art Of Making Exotic Leaves


The begonia rex makes a beautiful parlor plant.


Five or seven leaves make a nice-sized plant: Select five or seven healthy begonia leaves of different sizes, as no two leaves of the rex are of one size on the same plant.


Cut the leaves closely off the stem and immerse them in a solution of cold water and castile soap.

Leave them in this twelve hours before using. Melt the wax to the consistency of cream, in chrome green, permanent green, dark olive-green, and verdigris-green.


Now take a leaf out of the soapsuds and lay it on a marble slab, keeping the under surface or veined side uppermost; then with a camel’s-hair brush lay on the melted wax in different shades, following the shades of the natural leaf.

The soapsuds having made the leaf transparent, all the shades and spots can be plainly seen on the veined side, which is the side the waxen leaf has to be formed on.


The belt of light green over the silvery markings of the leaf should be put on with verdigris-green.

Begin the leaf in the center and continue on each side of the midrib till the edge is reached and the leaf has a thick coating of wax.


Then lay a wire along the midrib or center of the leaf, fasten it in the wax by pressing, care being taken to leave it long enough for eight or nine inches of stem.


Wire must also be laid on all the side ribs or veins leading to the midrib.

These small wires are all brought to the center wire and laid evenly by its side till they all come to the stem, where they are all twisted around it to form one long, thick stem.


Give the leaf another coating of dark olive-green wax (this covers the wires), then finish with a thin coating of burnt umber tinted with Vandyke brown, and the under surface of the leaf is finished.

Remove the natural leaf from the waxen and tint the veins lightly with carmine.


Brush a little carmine loosely on the darkest shade in the center of the leaf, and before it sticks blow off as much as possible, when enough will be left to give it that reddish-green tint peculiar to the begonia rex leaf.

The next is to finish the silver belt or silvery leaf-markings midway between the center and the edge of the leaf.


This strip must be rubbed with spirits of turpentine; then with the tinting brush apply a coating of silver bronze (Nos. 4000 and 6000), care being taken that the bronze does not scatter over the leaf. Now the leaf is finished.

If the work is done according to directions, the waxen leaf will be a true copy of the original.


Continue in the same way till all the leaves are made, then wax the stems and run them through the begonia stemming, when they may be arranged in their natural growing manner in a flowerpot filled with moss; or, if preferred, the flowerpot may be filled with wax, in terre-verte green, and the stems must be placed in it before the wax gets hard.


Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information

How Do You Make Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs


How Do You Make Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs 


How Do You Make Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs


This is another name for a style that has been in vogue for an indefinite, period of time, and comes under the head of transferring.


It is almost superfluous to mention the variety of purposes to which decalcomania may be applied, as it can be transferred upon everything for which ornamentation is required, and the variety of designs which are printed especially for it is so great that something may easily be procured to suit the taste of the most fastidious.

A few of the articles that may be decorated can be mentioned by way of showing what a variety this style of ornamentation will embrace: All kinds of crockery, china, porcelain, vases, glass, bookcases, folios, boxes, lap desks, ribbons, dresses, etc.

The method of transferring beautiful designs is so simple, and all the materials requisite for the art so easily procured, that it brings it within the means of everyone.

Flat surfaces are more suitable than concave or convex ones for this style of decorating, for when the surface is curved the design has to be cut to accommodate the shape, and in this way is often spoiled unless done by the most careful and skillful hand.


The materials required are cement, copal varnish, designs, a duck-quill sable, and a flat camel’s-hair brush.

Cut your designs neatly with a small pair of scissors, apply the cement by means of the sable to the article to be decorated, place on your design and press equally over its entire surface to exclude the air; dampen it a little and keep pressing equally so that the design may adhere firmly in every part.

When the cement is sufficiently dry dampen again with water (a little more freely) and remove the paper. Be careful in manipulating this process, or you will remove some of the colored part with it. If such should occur, instantly replace it as well as you are able, or, if you have a knowledge of Oriental painting, your panacea will be in that.

You can retouch with these colors and bring it back nearly to its original beauty. In case you have no knowledge of Oriental painting, match the colors as nearly as possible with water-color paints, allow time to dry, and varnish with copal.

Sometimes the cement becomes too thick for use. It may be restored to its proper flowing consistency by placing the bottle in a bed of warm sand, and can then be applied while warm. If you apply your design to a dark groundwork, it would be desirable to give your picture a coating of Winsor and Newton’s Chinese white.

The reason for this is that some parts of the picture are semi-transparent, and these would lose their brilliancy if transferred directly upon a dark background without first painting.


Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information

The Art Of Bronzing And Casting | What Is The Process Of Bronze Casting | Sculpting Statuettes


The Art Of Bronzing And Casting | What Is The Process Of Bronze Casting | Sculpting Statuettes

The Art Of Bronzing And Casting | What Is The Process Of Bronze Casting | Sculpting Statuettes


Statuettes, or any object in plaster of Paris, may be made to resemble bronze by first rendering the plaster nonabsorbent with drying linseed oil and then painting it with a varnish made by grinding waste gold leaf with honey or gum water.


Another method is by first painting the article, after it has been rendered nonabsorbent, of a dark color made of Prussian blue, yellow ochre, and verditer, ground in oil.

Before this becomes quite dry, bronze powder of several colors should be dusted on those most prominent parts which may be supposed to have worn bright.

Plaster casts may also be made to resemble bronze to a certain extent by merely brushing them over with graphite, which is a brilliant blacklead.


Method Of Making Embossed Muslin Leaves.

Take a piece of green muslin or calico and size it well with isinglass, then take the natural leaf, lay the sized piece of muslin over it on the under or veined side of the leaf, let the muslin remain on it till almost dry and the impression is set; then with a pair of sharp scissors cut the muslin around the leaf, either plain or serrated.


The impression may be taken of any leaf or flower in this way. The use of muslin leaves tends to make the work more durable and is found very convenient for the artist.



Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information.

What Ingredients You Should Look For While Buying Skin Care Products


List Of Active Ingredients In Skin Care Products That You Should Consider While Shopping

What Ingredients You Should Look For While Buying Skin Care Products


Skin ages for both chronological and environmental reasons. Increased age and exposure to pollution and other environmental factors cause lines and wrinkles to become more visible. The main factors that cause deeper skin lines and wrinkles include:


- The skin thinning and becoming less firm.
- Reduction in production of collagen and elastin.
- Reduction in cell renewal.


Anti-oxidants:

One way to reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles is to use skin care products that comtain powerful antioxidants such as vitamin c. 

Anti-oxidants like vitamin c help to neutralize free radicals, enhance the skin's ability to produce collagen, reduce skin discoloration, and improve general skin texture.


Hydroxy Acids:

Hydroxy acid is another key ingredient found in skin care products. Many skin care products that contain high levels of hydroxy acid are often required to prepare skin toners.

Hydroxy acids activate the skin to produce more collagen and elastin which substances in turn help to reduce fine skin lines and wrinkles. After taking care of your skin with products that contain vitamin c and hydroxy acids; moisturizers and sunblock are another set of skin care products that are important to consider.


Sun block:

Sun block should be worn every day, since it helps to block UVA and UVB rays from the sun which are the main cause of skin appearing older than its real age. Antioxidant containing skin care products that help to reduce damage from the sun are important, but nothing can replace an effective sun block.

In summary, skin care products that are rich in antioxidants and hydroxy acids can greatly help to reduce signs of skin aging such as lines and wrinkles. A powerful sun block is an absolute necessity to protect your skin from UVA and UVB rays that are the primary cause of skin looking older than it should.