Thursday, November 14, 2019

Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs To Wood

Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs To Wood 

Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs To Wood

Dissolve some salt in soft water, float your engraving on the surface—picture side uppermost—and let it remain about an hour.

The screen, box or table on which you wish to transfer the design should be of bird’s-eye maple or other light-colored hardwood, varnished with the best copal or transfer varnish.

Take the picture from the water, dry a little between blotters, place the engraving—picture side downwards—on the varnished wood and smooth it nicely.

If the picture entirely covers the wood after the margin has been cut off so that no varnish is exposed, lay over it a thin board, on which place a heavy weight, and leave it for twenty-four hours.

If you wish but a small picture in the center of the surface of the wood, apply the varnish only to a space the size of the picture.

Dip your finger in the solution of salt and water and commence rubbing off the paper; the nearer you come to the engraving the more careful you must be, as a hole in it will spoil your work.

Rub slowly and patiently until you have taken off every bit of the paper and left only the black lines and touches of your picture on the wood, in an inverted direction. Finish up with two or three coats of copal varnish.

Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information

Wednesday, November 13, 2019

Making Essence Of Roses Scent At Home | Time Honored Tips

Making Essence Of Roses Scent At Home | Time Honored Tips

Making Essence Of Roses Scent At Home | Time Honored Tips

Put into a bottle the petals of the common rose, and pour upon them spirits of wine, cork the bottle closely, and let it stand for three months, it will then be little inferior to otto of roses.

Excerpt From –  The Jewish Manual Practical Information In Jewish And Modern Cookery With A Collection Of Valuable Recipes And Hints Relating To The Toilette By Judith Cohen Montefiore

Home Made Recipe To Sweeten The Breath, Rinse The Mouth And Keep The Teeth Healthy | Time Honored Tips

Waxing And Tinting | The Art Of Making Exotic Leaves

Waxing And Tinting | The Art Of Making Exotic Leaves

Waxing And Tinting | The Art Of Making Exotic Leaves

The begonia rex makes a beautiful parlor plant.

Five or seven leaves make a nice-sized plant: Select five or seven healthy begonia leaves of different sizes, as no two leaves of the rex are of one size on the same plant.

Cut the leaves closely off the stem and immerse them in a solution of cold water and castile soap.

Leave them in this twelve hours before using. Melt the wax to the consistency of cream, in chrome green, permanent green, dark olive-green, and verdigris-green.

Now take a leaf out of the soapsuds and lay it on a marble slab, keeping the under surface or veined side uppermost; then with a camel’s-hair brush lay on the melted wax in different shades, following the shades of the natural leaf.

The soapsuds having made the leaf transparent, all the shades and spots can be plainly seen on the veined side, which is the side the waxen leaf has to be formed on.

The belt of light green over the silvery markings of the leaf should be put on with verdigris-green.

Begin the leaf in the center and continue on each side of the midrib till the edge is reached and the leaf has a thick coating of wax.

Then lay a wire along the midrib or center of the leaf, fasten it in the wax by pressing, care being taken to leave it long enough for eight or nine inches of stem.

Wire must also be laid on all the side ribs or veins leading to the midrib.

These small wires are all brought to the center wire and laid evenly by its side till they all come to the stem, where they are all twisted around it to form one long, thick stem.

Give the leaf another coating of dark olive-green wax (this covers the wires), then finish with a thin coating of burnt umber tinted with Vandyke brown, and the under surface of the leaf is finished.

Remove the natural leaf from the waxen and tint the veins lightly with carmine.

Brush a little carmine loosely on the darkest shade in the center of the leaf, and before it sticks blow off as much as possible, when enough will be left to give it that reddish-green tint peculiar to the begonia rex leaf.

The next is to finish the silver belt or silvery leaf-markings midway between the center and the edge of the leaf.

This strip must be rubbed with spirits of turpentine; then with the tinting brush apply a coating of silver bronze (Nos. 4000 and 6000), care being taken that the bronze does not scatter over the leaf. Now the leaf is finished.

If the work is done according to directions, the waxen leaf will be a true copy of the original.

Continue in the same way till all the leaves are made, then wax the stems and run them through the begonia stemming, when they may be arranged in their natural growing manner in a flowerpot filled with moss; or, if preferred, the flowerpot may be filled with wax, in terre-verte green, and the stems must be placed in it before the wax gets hard.

Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

How Do You Make Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs

How Do You Make Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs 

How Do You Make Decalcomania | Decal | Transferring Designs

This is another name for a style that has been in vogue for an indefinite, period of time, and comes under the head of transferring.

It is almost superfluous to mention the variety of purposes to which decalcomania may be applied, as it can be transferred upon everything for which ornamentation is required, and the variety of designs which are printed especially for it is so great that something may easily be procured to suit the taste of the most fastidious.

A few of the articles that may be decorated can be mentioned by way of showing what a variety this style of ornamentation will embrace: All kinds of crockery, china, porcelain, vases, glass, bookcases, folios, boxes, lap desks, ribbons, dresses, etc.

The method of transferring beautiful designs is so simple, and all the materials requisite for the art so easily procured, that it brings it within the means of everyone.

Flat surfaces are more suitable than concave or convex ones for this style of decorating, for when the surface is curved the design has to be cut to accommodate the shape, and in this way is often spoiled unless done by the most careful and skillful hand.

The materials required are cement, copal varnish, designs, a duck-quill sable, and a flat camel’s-hair brush.

Cut your designs neatly with a small pair of scissors, apply the cement by means of the sable to the article to be decorated, place on your design and press equally over its entire surface to exclude the air; dampen it a little and keep pressing equally so that the design may adhere firmly in every part.

When the cement is sufficiently dry dampen again with water (a little more freely) and remove the paper. Be careful in manipulating this process, or you will remove some of the colored part with it. If such should occur, instantly replace it as well as you are able, or, if you have a knowledge of Oriental painting, your panacea will be in that.

You can retouch with these colors and bring it back nearly to its original beauty. In case you have no knowledge of Oriental painting, match the colors as nearly as possible with water-color paints, allow time to dry, and varnish with copal.

Sometimes the cement becomes too thick for use. It may be restored to its proper flowing consistency by placing the bottle in a bed of warm sand, and can then be applied while warm. If you apply your design to a dark groundwork, it would be desirable to give your picture a coating of Winsor and Newton’s Chinese white.

The reason for this is that some parts of the picture are semi-transparent, and these would lose their brilliancy if transferred directly upon a dark background without first painting.

Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information

Monday, November 11, 2019

The Art Of Bronzing And Casting | What Is The Process Of Bronze Casting | Sculpting Statuettes

The Art Of Bronzing And Casting | What Is The Process Of Bronze Casting | Sculpting Statuettes

The Art Of Bronzing And Casting | What Is The Process Of Bronze Casting | Sculpting Statuettes

Statuettes, or any object in plaster of Paris, may be made to resemble bronze by first rendering the plaster nonabsorbent with drying linseed oil and then painting it with a varnish made by grinding waste gold leaf with honey or gum water.

Another method is by first painting the article, after it has been rendered nonabsorbent, of a dark color made of Prussian blue, yellow ochre, and verditer, ground in oil.

Before this becomes quite dry, bronze powder of several colors should be dusted on those most prominent parts which may be supposed to have worn bright.

Plaster casts may also be made to resemble bronze to a certain extent by merely brushing them over with graphite, which is a brilliant blacklead.

Method Of Making Embossed Muslin Leaves.

Take a piece of green muslin or calico and size it well with isinglass, then take the natural leaf, lay the sized piece of muslin over it on the under or veined side of the leaf, let the muslin remain on it till almost dry and the impression is set; then with a pair of sharp scissors cut the muslin around the leaf, either plain or serrated.

The impression may be taken of any leaf or flower in this way. The use of muslin leaves tends to make the work more durable and is found very convenient for the artist.

Excerpt From The Ladies Book Of Useful Information.

Sunday, November 10, 2019

What Ingredients You Should Look For While Buying Skin Care Products

List Of Active Ingredients In Skin Care Products That You Should Consider While Shopping

What Ingredients You Should Look For While Buying Skin Care Products

Skin ages for both chronological and environmental reasons. Increased age and exposure to pollution and other environmental factors cause lines and wrinkles to become more visible. The main factors that cause deeper skin lines and wrinkles include:

- The skin thinning and becoming less firm.
- Reduction in production of collagen and elastin.
- Reduction in cell renewal.


One way to reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles is to use skin care products that comtain powerful antioxidants such as vitamin c. 

Anti-oxidants like vitamin c help to neutralize free radicals, enhance the skin's ability to produce collagen, reduce skin discoloration, and improve general skin texture.

Hydroxy Acids:

Hydroxy acid is another key ingredient found in skin care products. Many skin care products that contain high levels of hydroxy acid are often required to prepare skin toners.

Hydroxy acids activate the skin to produce more collagen and elastin which substances in turn help to reduce fine skin lines and wrinkles. After taking care of your skin with products that contain vitamin c and hydroxy acids; moisturizers and sunblock are another set of skin care products that are important to consider.

Sun block:

Sun block should be worn every day, since it helps to block UVA and UVB rays from the sun which are the main cause of skin appearing older than its real age. Antioxidant containing skin care products that help to reduce damage from the sun are important, but nothing can replace an effective sun block.

In summary, skin care products that are rich in antioxidants and hydroxy acids can greatly help to reduce signs of skin aging such as lines and wrinkles. A powerful sun block is an absolute necessity to protect your skin from UVA and UVB rays that are the primary cause of skin looking older than it should.

Thursday, November 7, 2019

What Are The Most Common Types Of Cosmetic Surgery?

What Are The Most Common Types Of Cosmetic Surgery? 

What Are The Most Common Types Of Cosmetic Surgery?

To really understand cosmetic surgery, one needs to obtain an understanding of a variety of cosmetic surgery procedures available. Cosmetic surgery is one of the most talked about topics in the media today.

People from all walks of life - from celebrities to soccer moms - are going under the knife to have their faces and bodies modified. If you are considering having cosmetic surgical procedures done, you may be wondering what cosmetic surgery procedures are readily available to make yourself look and feel better. Well, technology to modify the human body has been steadily growing over the past 50 years, and now there are more cosmetic surgery procedures available than ever before.

One of the most popular cosmetic surgical procedures performed on a regular basis is liposuction.


Liposuction is the process of removing excess fat deposits under the skin by using a vacuum. A small incision is made in the skin area you want to remove fat from, and then a thin tube called a cannula is inserted.

In order to assist the suction, the liquid can be pumped under the skin that covers the drug. Another option is to use an ultrasound probe to break up fatty deposits before the liquid fat is suctioned through the cannula.

Since there is only a small cut made in the skin, recovery is relatively easy, and the procedure usually leaves only small scars or no scars at all.

Another common cosmetic surgery procedure that is routinely done is a nose operation.


Rhinoplasty is derived from the Greek word for "nose" and "to shape" and it is the medical term for a nose job.

In rhinoplasty, surgeons reshape the nose by removing and changing the cartilage in the nose, as well as changing the shape of the skin around the nostrils and spruce tip of the nose. Surgeons can perform this type of cosmetic surgery procedure with only a small incision at the base of the nose, or they can do a "closed" procedure in which no incision is required.

Nose surgery has become commonplace among many different age and social groups, and many people choose to have surgery to repair the bumps and crooked appearance of the nose either present at birth or caused by accident.

The third procedure is one that most people think of when cosmetic surgery is first mentioned and that is breast surgery.

Breast Surgery:

Breast surgery is very popular and one of the most performed procedures. The use of silicone implants, however, has been banned in some places.

Enhancements are now done with saline solution implants or their derivatives. With improvements in technology, however, silicone implants are about to become available again in the areas they were  previously  banned. There are many cosmetic surgical procedures available for those who wish to modify different parts of their bodies and faces, such as face lifts, tummy tucks, and even buttocks implants.

Cosmetic surgeons currently specialize in helping to create a new look for patients who have small imperfections or large imperfections requiring correction. Whatever the look though, one thing is sure. The industry is constantly growing and evolving.

Wednesday, November 6, 2019

Natural Skin Care Vs Synthetic Skin Care | Benefits And Advantages

Natural Skin Care Vs Synthetic Skin Care | Benefits And Advantages

Natural Skin Care Vs Synthetic Skin Care | Benefits And Advantages

Natural skin care products are the safest and most effective way to maintain the health of your skin.

For ages, nature has provided the medical industry with ingredients that have strong antibiotic, antiseptic, or anti-inflammatory properties that are then processed into medicines, soaps, perfumes, serums, ointments or lotions.

Natural dermatological products are mostly found in the form of an ointment or cream, which is quickly absorbed by the surface layers of the skin. They are effective against most skin conditions and successfully treat local irritation or rash.

The main advantage of using natural skin care products is their hypo-allergenic character; they have been  proven to be very well tolerated by the skin.

This is due to the fact that natural products do not contain additives or preservatives and are therefore very safe and reliable.

In addition, natural skin care products are formulated with the goal of matching a specific skin care need and therefore often cost less than their synthetic alternatives.

It is a well known fact that chemically enhanced products may harm your body by releasing malignant and harmful substances into the bloodstream.

To minimize this risk, you should consider using natural skin care products instead. They stand as a  highly effective and healthy alternative to synthetic products.

However, the main disadvantage of natural skin care products is that they tend to lose their helpful  properties more quickly when compared to their artificial alternatives and they thus have a shorter life time.

Unlike products that are chemically processed and contain synthetic preservatives, natural products alter their nature more quickly, and you should therefore always make sure you check the expiration date before buying such natural skin care products on the shelves of pharmacies or supermarkets.

Sometimes, regardless of its nature, skin care products only treat the effects of disease, and not the factors that cause it.

Take acne, for example. Acne may be caused by hormonal imbalances in the body. The unaesthetic effects to the skin being caused by excessive oil produced by the seborrheic glands.

Therefore in order to successfully treat acne, one needs to put into consideration the internal factors that cause it as well the external factors.

So, one can use well-tolerated natural skin care products in the form of a cream or lotion applied to the affected skin then complete the treatment by managing the internal causative factors using other methods.

If you have a skin infection caused by pathogens like bacteria or viruses, you must pay a visit to your dermatologist first and ask for advice regarding the appropriate treatment.

Natural skin care products can be used in addition to the prescribed treatment, enhancing their benefits and therapeutic results.

It is also very important to check if the skin care products that you choose to use are ideal for your skin type before you use them.

Despite their successful use in helping to treat various skin conditions, natural skin care products are not exclusively intended to treat skin conditions only.

They are also very efficient for cosmetic purposes. As a matter of fact, the cosmetic industry offers a wide variety of natural products that improve the aesthetics of the skin.

Anti aging skin care products are the most popular at the moment. Whether they are intended to prevent or reverse the natural aging process of the skin, these products are highly requested and a "must have" particularly among women in their mid-thirties.

Regardless of their intended use, natural skin care products are the best alternative to synthetic products, and when used correctly, their beneficial actions will often be quickly visible.

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Interesting Things To Know About Coffee | How To Get Good Coffee

Interesting Things To Know About Coffee | How To Get The Perfect Cup Of Coffee

Interesting Things To Know About Coffee | How To Get Good Coffee

Do you want to get yourself the perfect cup of coffee or simply learn more about coffee? 
Well, why don't read the quotations below and if a particular excerpt interests you, then simply click the link below the excerpt to get more details. 

How to make the perfect cup of coffee.

  1. Use cold filtered water (if you don't like drinking your home water, don't make coffee with it)
  2. Measure your coffee- use 2 tablespoons of ground coffee for every 6 ounces of water (usually one cup on your brewer)
  3. Water temperature needs to be between 195 degrees – 205 degrees.

What makes coffee good quality?

What Makes a Good Roast. There are three parts to making a high-quality cup of coffee: good coffee beans, good roasting, and a good brewing system. ... Lighter roasts will allow the bean to exhibit more of its original flavor, meaning the flavor created in the bean by its variety, soil, altitude, and weather conditions.

How do you make coffee more flavorful?

Add one bean to your coffee grounds during the brewing process for best results. Remember, the longer the bean is mixed with the grounds the stronger the vanilla flavor will be. If you don't have beans handy, just add two or three drops to your pot or even one small drop to your cup.

How do I make coffee?

Method 1 Making Basic Instant Coffee
  1. Heat up a cup of water. ...
  2. Add 1 to 2 teaspoons of instant coffee to a mug. ...
  3. Dissolve the coffee with a tablespoon of cold water. ...
  4. Pour the hot water into the mug. ...
  5. Mix in sugar or spices, if desired. ...
  6. Add milk or cream if you're not a fan of black coffee. ...
  7. Stir your coffee and serve it.

What is the best coffee to water ratio?

With a 1:17 ratio, for every 1 gram of coffee, use 17 grams of water. This allows for a best chance of an ideal extraction—the process of dissolving soluble flavors from coffee grounds in water—with a complementary strength. This ratio is optimal for manual and automatic pour over methods.

How can you tell the quality of coffee beans?

Check for residue.  If you pick up a handful of coffee beans and they leave a residue on your hands — or if you can see residue on the inside of a bag of beans — that means they are oily, and hence, freshly roasted. Lighter roasts aren't as oily, so don't expect as much residue as you'd find with a darker roast.

How can I make cheap coffee taste better?

But if you don't have time to make more, there's a quick way to make it drinkable: just add a pinch of salt. If you use a too-high ratio of coffee to water, or leave it to steep for too long, a pinch of salt will counteract the bitterness. That's because sodium interferes with the transduction of bitter flavors.

How do you make plain coffee taste better?

Top 5 Ingredients to Add to Coffee
  1. Different Types of Milk. I have been on the almond milk kick since the summer; almond milk gives my cereal such a wonderful, nutty taste. ...
  2. Vanilla Extract. This ingredient is not just for baking. ...
  3. Cinnamon and nutmeg. ...
  4. Ice Cream. ...
  5. A Piece of Chocolate.

How many scoops of coffee do I need for 6 cups?

A level coffee scoop should hold two tablespoons of coffee, which is approximately 10 grams or 0.36 ounces. So you should use two tablespoons or one coffee scoop of ground coffee for every 6 fluid ounces of water. However...a lot of coffee scoop makers are a bit sloppy with their designs.

How much coffee do I use for 2 cups?

Brew 2 cups of strong coffee (about 2 tablespoons coffee grounds per cup of water).

How many tablespoons of coffee do you use for 4 cups?

Many coffee bars and the Specialty Coffee Association of America recommend adding 2 rounded tablespoons of coffee per 6 ounces of water. Some coffee manufacturers recommend using one tablespoon per cup. We recommend 1 to 11⁄2 tablespoons of ground coffee per cup, but use more or less to suit your taste.

What takes the bitterness out of coffee?

  1. Put a dash of salt in the coffee. Adding a dash of salt to your coffee can help to suppress the bitterness in the coffee and enhance the coffee's flavor. ...
  2. Add cream or milk to the coffee. Another easy option is to add cream or milk to your coffee to cut down on the bitterness. ...
  3. Put sugar in the coffee.

Why do my coffee beans look wet?

The oil you see is actually the caffeine. As the bean roasts the oil cooks out of the bean and is burnt off by the roaster (creating a very unpleasant smell). The more "oily" the bean the less caffeine is actually contained within the bean - this also means that darker roasted beans have less caffeine in them.

Should coffee beans be shiny?

The fact is almost all commercially roasted coffee is shiny. The shiny or oily texture of the bean is not a good thing at all. On the contrary, the oil being on the outside of the bean is robbing you of flavor! The reason this continues to happen makes good sense if you are a big coffee producer/roaster.

Is coffee bad for cholesterol?

To date, coffee consumption has not been directly associated with cardiovascular disease, but some studies reveal that some forms of coffee may adversely affect your lipid profile. ... Two diterpenes found in high amounts in unfiltered coffee, cafestol, and kahweol, have been found to actually raise cholesterol levels.

Is coffee good or bad for you?

Like so many foods and nutrients, too much coffee can cause problems, especially in the digestive tract. But studies have shown that drinking up to four 8-ounce cups of coffee per day is safe. ... But sipping coffee in reasonable amounts just might be one of the healthiest things you can do.

How To Get A Glowing Luxuriant Complexion | Getting A Moisturizer For Your Dull Skin

How To Get A Glowing Luxuriant Complexion | Getting A Moisturizer For Your Dull Skin

How To Get A Glowing Luxuriant Complexion | Getting A Moisturizer For Your Dull Skin

Looking at everyday statistics, it is  quite clear that people care about their skin and it's appearance. And they are right.

As the largest body organ, the skin serves a very important role in helping to keep moisture from leaving the body while keeping foreign organisms and materials out.

This is done by the skin having a protective layer of lipids that coat and protect its top layer. When we work and play in everyday life, daily activities can lead to stripping of this protective layer of our skin.

The daily risks to skin injury is why the skin can benefit from the use of moisturizers. Moisturizers contain oil-soluble molecules that help to restore the skin to its natural condition.

There are hundreds of different moisturizers from manufacturers who promise to do everything from restoring the natural moisture of your face to making wrinkles and facial lines disappear.

If a product can actually do this, is it therefore not in your best interest to get the best possible brand to improve your skin?

Is there really a difference in all the different products in the market?

Do they not all basically just do the same thing? If all of us had the same skin that may have occurred.

Unfortunately, the skin is a complex organ that has special features and properties that are unique to each of us.

Therefore a specific type of moisturizer maybe more effective than the others when it comes to treating our differing skin types.

Knowing what is contained in the different products on the market is the key to choosing a moisturizer that best suits your skin type.

Most moisturizers are emulsion based. Newer types include vesicles and microscopic bubbles made of biological components.

These newer components are especially useful in restoring the skin's protective layer and in helping to bring the active ingredients contained in the moisturizer to the skin cells.

The correct use of moisturizer is important for people with dermatological diseases since improper application of a product may cause worsening of a pre-existing condition.

Symptoms and signs of skin that lacks moisture include dryness, redness, rough surfaces, and uncomfortable sensations that include; pain, itching, stinging and tingling. More severe cases, may include dry, white patches on the skin that lead to a chipped and cracked appearance.

Monday, November 4, 2019

Easy Home Natural Remedies For Dry Skin | Moisture Control And Management

Easy Home Natural Remedies For  Dry Skin | Moisture Control And Management

Easy Home Natural Remedies For  Dry Skin | Moisture Control And Management.

A lot of women find that their skin becomes dry after reaching their mid thirties.

This may be a welcome change for those who suffered from oily skin earlier in life, but women with normal or dry skin may find that their skin appears scaly, tight, while losing its glowing appearance.

Dry skin is caused not only by the loss of moisture from the outer layer of the skin, but also from lack of moisture moving up from the underlying layers of the skin.

Applying moisturizers helps to soften and moisturize the top layer of skin, however this effect is only temporary.

To have soft, supple, moist skin, you need to lubricate your skin from the inside.

Drink at least six glasses of pure water every day and eat plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits to keep your body tissues hydrated.

Do not wait to drink until you are thirsty because by then you are already dehydrated. Instead, keep a container of water handy to sip throughout the day.

If you find the taste of water unpleasant, try to make herbal tea without sugar or use ingredients like  linden flower, chamomile, or mint to spice your water.

Moist external environment also provide moisture for your skin.

Use a humidifier during the winter to counteract the drying effects of indoor heating and also during the summer if you use air conditioning or if you live in a dry climate.

Apply a moist drizzle to your skin frequently with pure mineral water or a facial mist containing water and  aromatherapy essential oils.

This will help to provide a direct and refreshing boost of moisture to your skin throughout the day.

Soaking yourself in warm water is an effective way of hydrating the skin  over your whole body.

Avoid water that is too hot, because it can eliminate protective oils from your skin.

After 15 minutes of soaking, massage your body with aromatherapy oils while you are still wet from the shower, and then gently pat your skin dry with a towel.

A thin layer of aromatherapy oil acts as a protective barrier that helps to  prevent the evaporation of moisture that your skin has absorbed from the warm bath.